NEW YORK (Reuters) – A jury verdict allowing the U.S. government to seize a midtown Manhattan office tower that it said was effectively controlled by Iran was thrown out on Friday by a federal appeals court which cited several errors by the trial judge.
The 3-0 decision by the 2nd U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals in Manhattan is a defeat for the Department of Justice, which went to trial hoping to sell the 36-story building at 650 Fifth Avenue, perhaps for close to $1 billion, and distribute proceeds to victims of bombings and other attacks linked to Iran.
Jurors had found in June 2017 that the nonprofit Alavi Foundation, which had a 60% stake in the partnership that owned the building, violated U.S. sanctions imposed against Iran in 1995 because it knew that the 40% owner, Assa Corp, was a front for an Iranian state-owned lender, Bank Melli.
But in Friday’s decision, Circuit Judge Richard Wesley faulted trial judge Katherine Forrest, who is now in private practice, for “a troubling pattern of errors on relatively straightforward issues.”
Wesley cited mistakes including the admission of videotapes of former Alavi board members repeatedly invoking their constitutional right against self-incrimination, and refusal to let Alavi gather evidence to show the government sued too late.
“If this case returns to trial, a properly informed jury may or may not find for the government – a topic on which we have no opinion,” Wesley wrote. “But getting to any outcome requires a fair and procedurally adequate process, something that has been lacking in this case. There are no shortcuts in the rule of law.”
Separately, the appeals court set aside Forrest’s 155-page judgment following a non-jury trial in favour of victims of alleged terrorist attacks linked to Iran who sought damages from Alavi and the partnership.
The court said the victims could pursue some claims in a retrial but not others because the partnership, 650 Fifth Avenue Co, did not qualify as a “foreign state,” as Forrest had wrongly concluded.
A spokesman for U.S. Attorney Geoffrey Berman in Manhattan, whose office represented the government, declined to comment.
Lawyers for Alavi and the partnership did not immediately respond to requests for comment. A lawyer for attack victims did not immediately respond to similar requests.
Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, then the Shah of Iran, founded Alavi in 1973 as the Pahlavi Foundation. It has described its mission as promoting the study of Persian and Islamic culture in the United States, and funding schools and free clinics.
The cases are In re: 650 Fifth Avenue and Related Properties, 2nd U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals, No. 17-3258; and Havlish et al v 650 Fifth Avenue Co in the same court, No. 17-3278.
Reporting by Jonathan Stempel in New York; Editing by Richard Chang
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